India will stop importing 101 items of military equipment in an effort to boost domestic defence production, Defence Minister Rajnath Singh said on Sunday.
Singh said the move follows Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s call for defence self-reliance. India is one of the world’s top arms importers.
India has accelerated military purchases in the wake of a June border clash between Indian and Chinese troops, with the government approving the purchase of 33 Russian fighter jets and upgrades to 59 other planes in July.
Tensions between India and China are at their highest in years following the clash in a disputed stretch of border in the western Himalayas in which India lost 20 soldiers.
Military experts say India is short of combat planes, helicopters and field guns because of years of low funding.
“The embargo on imports is planned to be progressively implemented between 2020 to 2024,” Singh wrote in a series of tweets.
“Our aim is to apprise the Indian defence industry about the anticipated requirements of the Armed Forces so that they are better prepared to realise the goal of indigenisation.”
India traditionally buys military equipment from Russia, but is increasingly purchasing from the United States and Israel. Modi has repeatedly called for cutting the military’s dependence on expensive imports.
Between April 2015 and August 2020, the Indian defence services had contracted around Rs 3.5 trillion worth of items that are now on the hold list.
The government estimates around Rs 4 trillion worth of orders will now be placed with the domestic industry over the next five to seven years.
The list of embargoed items includes high technology weapon systems, artillery guns, sonar systems, transport aircrafts, light combat helicopters (LCHs), Singh said.
The Defence Ministry has also split the capital procurement budget for 2020/21 between domestic and foreign procurement routes, he added.
“A separate budget head has been created with an outlay of nearly Rs 520 billion for domestic capital procurement in the current financial year.”